Minimally invasive surgery emerged in the 1980s as a safe and effective technique to meet the surgical needs of many patients in the last 20 years many surgeons have come to prefer it to traditional open surgery which requires larger incisions and usually a longer hospital stay. Non robotic minimally invasive surgery is also known as endoscopic surgery you also may be familiar with terms like laparoscopic surgery thoracoscopic surgery or keyhole surgery these are minimally invasive procedures that utilize an endoscope to reach internal organs through very small incisions. Minimally invasive procedures have been enabled by the advance of various medical technologies an endovascular aneurysm repair as an example of minimally invasive surgery is much less invasive in that it involves much smaller incisions than the corresponding open surgery procedure of open aortic surgery. A precursor to minimally invasive video assisted surgery was minimally invasive direct surgery when i was a young surgeon at the baylor college of medicine in the late 1950s i remember reading of the presentations of dr paul decamp an ochsner clinic staff member who championed thoracoscopy as a minimally invasive surgical technique. Spine surgery has advanced dramatically with the technology surrounding minimally invasive surgical mis techniques surgical materials nerve monitoring and computer aided navigation have improved significantly recently with these techniques the risks recovery time and surgical complications
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